Pervobytnaia arkheologiia. Zhurnal mezhdistsiplinarnykh issledovanii

Prehistoric Archaeology. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies (PAJIS)

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PREHISTORIC ARCHAEOLOGY. JOURNAL OF INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES, 2020, №2.

 

RESEARCH PAPERS

 

Gerasimova M. M., Khaldeeva N. I., Kharlamova N. V., Vasiliev S. V. Upper Paleolithic skull from Abri Pataud (France, Dordogne): cranial and dental studies.

 

N.N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, 32А, Leninskiy Prospekt, Moscow, 119334, Russia [gerasimova.margarita@gmail.com]

N.N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, 32А, Leninskiy Prospekt, Moscow, 119334, Russia [nathal40@mail.ru]

N.N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, 32А, Leninskiy Prospekt, Moscow, 119334, Russia [xaxanat@gmail.com]

N.N. Miklukho-Maklai Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, 32А, Leninskiy Prospekt, Moscow, 119334, Russia [vasbor1@yandex.ru]

 

Abstract. It has been almost fifty years since the first publication of the so called protomagdalenian skull from Abri-Pataud. Recently the skull in question, designated as Pataud 1, has been re-dated and attributed to the final stage of Gravettian. This important paleoanthropological find has never been described in detail in Russian scientific literature. Here, the authors present a re-description and new facial reconstruction of the skull based on the first-hand examination of the specimen. The article starts with an overview of the history of the study of Pataud 1 skull, after which it more specifically focuses on its metrics and detailed description of its cranial and dental traits. The comparison of Pataud 1 with the Upper Paleolithic humans from Italy and Moravia reveals a number of distinctive features in the morphology of the individual from Abri-Pataud.

 

Keywords: Upper Paleolithic, Abri Pataud, Gravettian, craniology, dental anthropology, Homo sapiens.

 

Received 01.09.2020, revised 15.10.2020, accepted 26.10.2020.

DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-5-37

 

For citation: Gerasimova M. M., Khaldeeva N. I., Kharlamova N. V., Vasiliev S. V. Upper Paleolithic skull from Abri Pataud (France, Dordogne): cranial and dental studies. Prehistoric Archaeology. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2020 (2), 5-37 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-5-37

 

 

 

Sergin V. Ya. Kirillovskoe settlement: history of research and problems of the structure.

 

Institute of Archaeology RAS, 19, Dm. Ulyanov st., Moscow, 117292, Russia [sergin81@bk.ru]

 

Abstract. Kirillovskoe settlement was investigated by V. V. Khvoiko through excavations in 1893–1897 and through observations during industrial quarrying in 1899–1902. After

 

V. V. Khvoiko, a great attention to the study of the site was paid by P. I. Boriskovsky, V. I. Gromov and I. G. Pidoplichko. A revision of the available materials suggests that the site was a single settlement. It appears to have consisted of several dwellings or dwelling complexes, a zone of economic activity adjacent to them, and so called «nests», i. e. places where stone-working took place. Many cultural remains, including a famous mammoth tusk with an engraved pattern, were found outside the settlement. The settlement seems to possess all the main features characteristic of the sites that were left behind by mammoths hunters in the Dnieper region.

 

Keywords: Upper Paleolithic, Middle Dnieper, stratigraphy, features, mammoth bones.

 

Received 24.09.2020, revised 16.10.2020, accepted 26.10.2020.

DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-38-61

 

For citation: Sergin V. Ya. Kirillovskoe settlement: history of research and problems of the structure. Prehistoric Archaeology. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2020 (2), 38-61 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-38-61

 

 

 

Tabarev A. V., Ivanova D. A. In the beginning was the word: On the history of the term “Jōmon” in Russian archaeological literature.

 

Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS, pr. Akademika Lavrentieva, 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia [olmec@yandex.ru]

Far Eastern Federal University, sity Ayaks, il. Russkiy, Vladivostok, 690922, Russia [ivanova.dale@dvfu.ru]

 

Abstract. Based on the analysis of publications, the authors consider the history, context and peculiarities of the appearance of the term “Jōmon” in Russian archaeological literature. Among the scholars who made the most significant contribution to the study of the Neolithic (Jōmon) of the Japanese Islands in the 1880s-1920s are A. V. Grigoriev, I. S. Polyakov and D. M. Pozdneev. In the 1930s-1950s the most important role was played by A. P. Okladnikov and M. V. Vorobiev. The evolution of the term’s status from “proto-Ainu strata” to “pan-Japanese Neolithic culture” is traced.

 

Keywords: Russian archaeology, Neolithic, Jōmon, publications.

 

Received 30.03.2020, revised 02.05.2020, accepted 26.05.2020.

DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-62-76

 

For citation: Tabarev A. V., Ivanova D. A. In the beginning was the word: On the history of the term “Jōmon” in Russian archaeological literature. Prehistoric Archaeology. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2020 (2), 62-76 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-62-76

 

 

 

Kolpakov E. M. The concept of Early Metal period in the archaeology of Northern Europe.

 

Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, 18 Dvortsovaya emb., St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia  [eugenkolp@yandex.ru]

 

Abstract. The paper deals with the history of appearance and usage of the concept of Early Metal Period in the archaeology of Northern Europe. The concept appears to have been conceived in the 1920s by V. I. Ravdonikas and A. Ya. Bryusov, but the term itself was first introduced into archaeological literature by N. N. Gurina in the 1940s after the discovery in the Lake Onega region of a number of assemblages seemingly combining Late Neolithic pottery with ironand bronze-making. However, the existence of such assemblages has not been confirmed by subsequent researches, and as early as 1947 the Early Metal Period was redefined as a period comprising the Bronze and Early Iron Ages. The original basis of the concept disappeared, but the term has become naturalized, though with a different sense. Thus, as applies to the northern part of Europe, the Three-Age system as if bifurcates in the Neolithic and unites again in the Iron Age. The North European Early Metal Period is a peripheral variant of the Bronze Age. Therefore, it would be logical and rational to abandon the concept of the Early Metal Period in favor of the Bronze Age.

 

Keywords: archaeological periodization, Northern Europe, Early Metal Period, neolithic, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Three-Age System.

 

Received 14.02.2020, revised 11.03.2020, accepted 26.05.2020.

DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-77-88

 

For citation: Kolpakov E. M. The concept of Early Metal period in the archaeology of Northern Europe. Prehistoric Archaeology. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2020 (2), 77-88 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-77-88

 

 

 

Semenov A. V., Kasparov A. К. Faunal remains from the burials of the 2nd–1st millennia BC in Tuva: Main results and perspectives of the study (based on the materials excavated by the Tuva Archaeological Expedition of IHMC RAS in 2010– 2018).

 

Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, 18 Dvortsovaya emb., St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia [blaze85@inbox.ru]

Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, 18 Dvortsovaya emb., St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia [alexkas@hotbox.ru]

 

Abstract. The article deals with faunal remains from the Late Bronze — Early Iron Age burials of Tuva (from the middle of the 2nd to the end of the 1st mil. BC.) obtained in the course of archaeological excavations conducted by the Tuva Expedition of IHMK RAS in 2010–2018. The authors analize both scattered bone fragments of various animals and intact skeletons or skeletal parts found in situ in burial contexts. In some cases these bones seem to represent leftovers of funeral food, whereas in other cases the animals might have been buried to serve as livestock in the “other world”. Some of the burials contain accumulations of sheep and goat skulls belonging to all the main age and sex groups: newborn, young and old animals, males and females. These accumulations are thought to symbolize the herds. One of the promising ways for extracting cultural information from osteological collections is associated with the possibility to determine the seasonality of funerals based on the age of young animals whose bones were found in burial contexts. This method has been extensively used by the authors and produced interesting results which are discussed in the final section of the paper.

 

Keywords: Tuva, faunal remains, Bronze Age, Mongun-Taiga culture, Aldy-Bel culture, Uyuk-Saglyn culture, Ozen-Ala-Beligsky stage.

 

Received 28.03.2020, revised 28.05.2020, accepted 23.07.2020.

DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-89-121

 

For citation: Semenov A. V., Kasparov A. К. Faunal remains from the burials of the 2nd–1st millennia BC in Tuva: Main results and perspectives of the study (based on the materials excavated by the Tuva Archaeological Expedition of IHMC RAS in 2010– 2018). Prehistoric Archaeology. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. 2020 (2), 89-121 (in Russ.). DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-89-121

 

 

 

BOOK REVIEWS

 

Palaguta I. V. Tripolian «settlements-giants»: new studies and new questions (Ohlrau R. Maidanets‘ke: Development and Decline of a Trypillia Mega-site in Central Ukraine. Leiden: Sidestone Press, 2020. 424 p.)

 

The Saint-Petersburg Stieglitz State Academy of Arts and Design, 13 Solyanoy ln, St. Petersburg, 191028, Russia [kiik@ghpa.ru]

 

Received 13.10.2020, accepted 21.10.2020.

DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-122-129

 

 

 

Kuzmin Ya. V. Tephroarchaeology in the North Pacific: connection between volcanology and archaeology (Barnes Gina L., Soda Tsutomu (eds.). TephroArchaeology in the North Pacific. Oxford: Archaeopress, 2019. 329 p.)

 

V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS, 3 akademika Koptyuga pr., Novosibirsk, 360030, Russia [kuzmin@fulbrightmail.org]

 

Received 26.09.2020, accepted 05.10.2020.

DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-130-139

 

 

 

Otcherednoy A. K., Stepanova K. N. Excursions around Afontova mountain (Мещерин М. Н. (ред.). Геология палеолита Северной Азии: к столетию со дня рождения С. М. Цейтлина. Путеводитель полевой экскурсии. Красноярск: Ситалл, 2020. 108 с.)

 

Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, 18 Dvortsovaya emb., St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia [a.otcherednoy@gmail.com]

Institute for the History of Material Culture RAS, 18 Dvortsovaya emb., St. Petersburg, 191186, Russia [ksstepan@gmail.com]

 

Received 02.11.2020, accepted 06.11.2020.

DOI: 10.31600/2658-3925-2020-2-140-143